This post was originally published at Novelicious.com and is now at WritingTipsOasis.com. WritingTipsOasis.com acquired Novelicious.com in June 2022.
It’s as if editors believe they’re tutors when they return your work with, ‘Show, don’t tell!’
And you think, ‘I wish I could get some real feedback.’ But, in my opinion, they’re giving you really good advice.
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Think of a play. Actors are on the stage, but there’s a narrator at the side. The narrator tells the audience what’s happened; she’s a shortcut to dumping information. But it’s far more involving to see the actors acting, right there in front of us, on stage. So, think of your characters as the actors, the writer as the stage-side narrator – and try and keep the latter quiet.
This is how the writer might tell us something: Mandy loves dogs.
All you have to do to show us the same thing is have Mandy stroking her dog and the dog gazing at her adoringly.
Or, Mandy was furious – so let’s see her eyes flashing as she tosses her hair! And remember that actors speak their lines: ‘Since when did you have the right to …?’ You’ll get pace, story, tension, character development, drama… because you made Mandy act out the scene. You put the action on stage.
But how do you know how Mandy’s going to act? You make certain you understand her motivation. If Mandy puts her hand on something hot and snatches it away, pain has motivated her action. But less obvious pain, actual or emotional, is often buried in a character’s motivation, somewhere. She tells her boyfriend she’s unwilling to commit to marriage? It’s because her parents’ marriage was a battleground. Make her boyfriend react, and your plot’s being acted out via action, reaction and interaction.
You can improve our characters’ acting abilities by making vivid verb choices. Seething, Mandy walked from the room. Walk is bland. Trail, whisk, stalk, slam, trudge, there are lots of verbs you can utilise to move Mandy out of that room, and each one lets us share her mood.
You can also share her perceptions and experiences. It was hot in the kitchen. Sometimes that’s enough. But if you relate the heat to the character, it will be more involving. It doesn’t really matter whether you say: Mandy turned up the aga, glad to bring the temperature to tropical. Or: Slaving over the aga was like being hit with hot metal. Mandy yearned for air conditioning. You’ve used her senses and engaged her feelings, so we’ll experience the heat with her.
So, should you never tell?
Telling can get information over in a few words and lead us from background information to the meat of the story: Robbie, Jon’s best friend, had made a heavy pass at Mandy, is quite acceptable, to me.
But even that you could pass through Mandy’s thoughts … Mandy couldn’t bring herself to tell Jon about the heavy pass his friend Robbie had made. Jon thought the sun shone from Robbie’s ears. Because then we’re experiencing the story with the character, not being told it by the writer.
Sue Moorcroft writes romantic novels of dauntless heroines and irresistible heroes for Choc Lit. Combining that success with her experience as a creative writing tutor, she’s written a ‘how to’ book, Love Writing – How to Make Money From Writing Romantic and Erotic Fiction (Accent Press). Sue also writes short stories, serials, articles and courses and is the head judge for Writers’ Forum. Her latest book, Love & Freedom, won the Best Romantic Read Award 2011 at the Festival of Romance. She's a Katie Fforde Bursary Award winner.